Southeastern Spitsbergen landscape-seascape and biodiversity dynamics
Barbarabreen – Small glacier between Hedgehogfjellet and Mirefjellet northeast in Sørkapp Land. Name transferred from Mirefjellet, which on the map in H. N. Coryell’s report in 1920 was named Mt Barbara. In the same map, the glacier was named Central Glacier, but this name does not stress the real character of this glacier.
Bevanbreen – Small coastal glacier north of Geologtoppen northeast in Sørkapp Land. After J. A. Bevan, English geologist, who surveyed he coal field in the neighbourhood of Bevanbreen for the Northern Exploration Co. Ltd.
Brotneset – Point on the northern side of the front of Hambergbreen, the southeasternmost point in Torell Land.
Claus Andersenfjellet – Mountain, 644 m, between the southern part of Hedgehogfonna and Daudbjørnfjellet, northeast in Sørkapp Land. After Claus Røthe Andersen, 1859-1911, Tromsø, Norway, who sent out many trapper expeditions to Spitsbergen, and was among the firs to erect houses at Sørkapp and Edgeøya, as well as in other places on Spitsbergen.
Coryellbreen – Small coastal glacier between Geologtoppen in the north and Tvillingtoppen in the south, northeast in Sørkapp Land. After Dr. Horace Noble Coryell, chief-geologist during the geological survey in 1920 of the coal field in the neighbourhood, geologist at Department of Geology, Columbia University, New York.
Daudbjørnfjellet – Mountain between Claus Andersenfjellet and Mirefjellet, at the coast northeast in Sørkapp Land. D. = dead bear point.
Daudbjørnpynten – The easternmost part of Daudbjørnfjellet forming a point on the northeastern coast of Sørkapp Land. D. = dead bear mountain
Davislaguna – 900 m long lagoon at the foot of Tvillingtoppen and the northern end of Hedgehogfjellet, northeast in Sørkapp Land. The origin of the name is found in a typewritten report of December 29. 1920, by Dr. H. N. Coryell to the Northern Exploration Co:. „the harbour was named by members of the 1919 expedition Lady Davis Harbour.” Perhaps after the wife of F. L.Davis, one of the directors of the Northern Exploration Co.
Fjellvågen – Bay, surrounded by steep mountain slopes, on the southern side of Daudbjørnfjellet on the northwestern coast of Sørkapp Land. F. = the mountain bay, because the mountain rises directly up from the sea.
Fonnkampen – 619 m high mountain between Kamtoppane in the north and Hedgehogfonna in the south, northest in Sørkapp Land. F. = the glacier mountain
Geodettoppane – Two peaks, 586 and 613 m, south in Ostrogradskijfjella, northernmost in Sørkapp Land.
Geologtoppen – 572 m high peak on the northern side of Coryellbreen, towards the coast northeast in Sørkapp Land. Situated between glaciers named after English geologist, who surveyed the coal field in the neighbourhood.
Hedgehogfjellet – 610 m high mountain between Hedgehogfonna and the sea northeast in Sørkapp Land. Hedgehog = pinnsvin (Norwegian)
Hedgehogfonna – Large ice fields west of Hedgehogfjellet at Skilbreen, Tromsøbreen an Sykorabreen, northeast in Sørkapp Land. From neighbouring name.
Hambergbreen – Large glacier debouching on the divide between Torell Land and Sørkapp Land. After Axel Hamberg, 1863-1933, geographer, mineralogist and Arctic explorer, professor at the University of Uppsala, Sweden. Gamberg Gl.
Hambergbukta – Bay in front of Hambergbreen, between Torell Land and Sørkapp Land.After Axel Hamberg, 1863-1933, geographer, mineralogist and Arctic explorer, professor at the University of Uppsala, Sweden.
Havkollen – 398 m high, steep mountain between Tromsøbreen and the sea northeast in Sørkapp Land.
Hornbreen – About 15 km long and 8 km wide glacier from northeast o the inner part of Hornsund, on the divide between Torell Land and Sørkapp Land.
Kambreen – Small glacier at the southeastern side of Kamtoppane, northeastermost in Sørkapp Land. From neighbouring name.
Kamnova – 461 high and northernmost part of Kamtoppane, northeasternmost in Sørkapp Land. From neighbouring name.
Kamtoppane – About 4.5 km long mountain ridge with the peaks 459, 555, 610 and 570 m northeasternmost in Sørkapp Land. K = the comb or ridge summits.
Kanebreen – Small glacier in the northern slope of Hedgehogfjellet down to Hedgehogfonna, northeast on Sørkapp Land. After H. S. Kane, assistant geologist during the survey of the coal field in the neighbourhood in 1920.
Koval’skijfjella – After Marian Albertovich Koval’skij, 1821-84, Russian astronomer, professor at the University of Kazan, worked in northern Ural with Hoffman’s expedition 1847-49. Mountain range north of Hambergbreen, southeast in Torell Land.
Mikaelbreen – Small glacier in the northern part of Ostrogradskijfjella, northeast in Sørkapp Land. After Mikael Vasil’evich Ostrogradskij, 1801-61, Russian mathematician and professor at the University of Odessa.
Mirefjellet – Small mountain between Barbarabreen in the north and Daudbjørnfjellet in the south, at the coast northeast in Sørkapp Land. After „Mire”, French la mire = the sight point in astronomical or geodetic observations. Mt. Barbara.
Ostrogradskijfjella – Mountain area between Hornbreen in the northwest, Svalisbreen in the southwest, Tat’janapasset in the south and Sykorabreen in the east, northernmost in Sørkapp Land. After Mikael Vasilevich Ostrogradskij, 1801-61, Russian mathematician, professor at the University of Odessa.
Professorbreen – Smallglacier in the northeastern part of Ostrogradskijfjella northeast in Sørkapp Land. After professor M. V. Ostrogradskij. See also Mikaelbreen.
Professorrygen – About 1.5 km long ridge in Ostrogradskijfjella, between Profesorbreen and Mikaelbreen, northernmost in Sørkapp Land. From neighbouring name.
Skjoldfonna – ice area on divide between Hornbreen and Markhambreen, southeasternmost in Torell Land. S. = the shield glacier
Staupbreen – Steep glacier leading down from Skjoldfonna to Storfjorden, southeasternmost in Torell Land. S. = the lummocked glacier.
Stellingfjellet – Mountain south of Markhambreen, southeast in Torell Land. After Eduard Vasiljevich Stelling, 1850-1922, meteorologist and vice-director of the Russian Meteorological Service and chief of the Magnetic Survey of Russia. Member of the commission of the Swedish-Russian Arc-of-Meridian Expedition.
Stolovajafjellet – Mountain with flat summit, west of Storfjorden, between Hambergbreen and Markhambreen, south in Torell Land.After the Russian word stolovaja (f) = tabular.
Sykorabreen – About 7 km long glacier from Hedgehogfonna northwards on the easter side of Ostrogradskijfjella to Hambergbreen, northeast in Sørkapp Land. After the Russian astropysicts J. Sykora, who wintered in Hornsund1899-1900 at the station of the Russian division of the Swedish-Russian-Arc-of-Meridian Expedition. Name transferred from another locality.
Tat’janafjellet – Mountain with the heights 555 and 512 m, between Svalisbreen, Hedgehogfonna, Tat’janapasset and Aasepasset, northeast in Sørkapp Land. After the sister of the Russian astronomer A. S. Vasil’ev. She was for some time assistantat the observatory of Pulkovo. Mt Tatiana
Tat’janapasset – Glacier pass between Tat’janafjellet and Ostrogradskijfjella from Svalisbreen to Sykorabreen, northeasternmost in Sørkapp Land. After the sister of the Russian astronomer A. S. Vasil’ev. She was for some time assistantat the observatory of Pulkovo. Tatjanapasset
Tromsøbreen –After Tromsø, city in Norway, from where most hunting expeditions to Svalbard were sent out. A large number of the Svalbard trappers were from Tromsø, as well as the firms of Claus Andersen and Hagerup. About 6 km long glacier from Hedgehogfonna, southwards to coast northeast in Sørkapp Land.
Tvillingtoppen – 531 m high peak between Coryellbreen in the north and Hedgehogfjellet in the south, at the coast northeast in Sørkapp Land. T = the twin peak.
Based on The Place Names of Svalbard, (2003) Rapportserie nr. 122, Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre N-9296 Tromsø
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